The MA in English encourages a wide exposure to the field, while permitting students to pursue more focused interests. MA students at Virginia broaden their knowledge of literature in English, deepen their understanding of literary history, and strengthen their grasp of the critical approaches that are current within literary studies. Students exercise analytic, interpretive, and communicative skills that are essential to effective teaching and research, and for which an increasing demand exists outside the academy. Students interested in careers in teaching, either in independent schools or at the post-secondary level, may pursue the MA in English with a Concentration in Teaching Literature and Writing, a two-year program that provides specialized training in teaching, and, in the second year, teaching opporunities and financial support (tuition, fees, one-person health insurance coverage, and a salary per course). The English Department also offers a Concentration in World Religions, World Literature, multidisciplinary and interdepartmental concentration that joins the study of literature and literary theory to the study of religious traditions. In cooperation with the Law School, we offer an interdisciplinary MA in Law and Literature. Interested MA students may choose to earn a certificate in Comparative Literature, a certificate in American Studies, or a Digital Humanities certificate.
The requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in English may be completed in three semesters, with a fourth semester of part-time enrollment a fairly common option for those writing a thesis as their final exercise. (NB: There are various enrollment options available to second-year MAs, each with specific tuition implications; for tuition and fees, see this GSAS page, and for further details of the University's MA-reqs see this page of the Graduate Record. ) The BA/MA allows select students already pursuing the BA at UVa complete an MA in one year of additional study, comprised of full-time graduate coursework and including an MA final exercise. The MA in English is a terminal degree; candidates may move to the PhD only by joining the pool of outside applicants for that program.
Ten courses, including at least eight courses taken for letter grades at the 5000, 8000, or 9000 level (total of 24 credits of letter-graded courses required). These courses must be completed with a grade of B- or higher, while in residence at the University. MA students also take ENCR 8100, which is graded on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis. The only mandatory course for the regular MA, ENCR 8100, Introduction to Literary Research, is a practical introduction to the techniques and uses of literary scholarship, tied to the resources of the University library system. Concentrations within the MA program entail additional requirements; please see the descriptions of those programs for further detail. Courses taken for letter grades must satisfy the following distribution requirements:
two courses in two different periods of literature before 1800
one course in literary theory or the history of criticism, beyond ENCR 8100
The tenth course may be either another graded course or 3 credits of Non-topical Research, ENGL 8999, which allows for preliminary research towards the final exercise, or ENGL 8998, taken while writing the thesis. The Graduate School allows no transfer credit toward the MA. Students who receive two or more failing grades will not be permitted to remain in the program.
Students are strongly advised to stay current with their work and to complete all courses at the time they are taken. With the written agreement of the instructor, however, students may be given a grade of "Incomplete" in one course each semester. According to GSAS policy, outstanding work is expected to be completed by the end of the following semester, after which remaining incompletes automatically default to Fs. Under exceptional circumstances and with the instructor's approval, students may still complete the work and receive a letter grade after that point. Agreements between instructors and students regarding incompletes should include a specific due date and be placed on file with the Graduate Office.
Foreign Language Requirement
MA students are required to demonstrate reading proficiency in a foreign language. This requirement is normally satisfied by passing a translation exam given by the appropriate language department at the University. With approval from the Director of Graduate Studies, students also may satisfy the MA requirement with an intermediate or advanced course taken as an undergraduate in which they received a grade of B or better.
As the concluding element in their MA program, students elect one of three options, in consultation with their assigned faculty advisor or the Director of Graduate Studies.
An MA critical thesis of 10,000 to 15,000 words. A faculty director must agree in advance to supervise and evaluate the thesis; a second reader is assigned by the Director of Graduate Studies once the completed thesis is submitted. Upon acceptance of the thesis as satisfactory, the student uploads to the University Library a final copy in accordance with regulations set by the Graduate School. Students preparing an MA thesis may enroll in ENGL 8998 (MA Thesis), which counts as one of their ten courses. They are not, however, required to do so. (Again, see enrollment options.)
An MA pedagogy thesis that demonstrates how the candidate’s graduate study for the Master's has led to informed and deepened thinking about teaching English at the high school or undergraduate level. The 10,000-15,000 word essay may demonstrate mastery of critical analysis, literary approaches, and/or research methods but may also or instead focus on pedagogical theory, history, and practice. In the latter case, the materials analyzed may include syllabi, educational policies, textbooks, etc. The candidate may also include, with the thesis director’s approval, part or all of an originally produced syllabus, unit plan, and/or assignment to illustrate central insights. A faculty director must agree in advance to supervise and evaluate the thesis. A second reader is assigned by the Director of Graduate Studies.
A one-hour oral examination, conducted by two faculty members appointed by the Director of Graduate Studies, on a topic and list of readings submitted by the student. Lists normally consist of ten primary texts and several secondary texts taken from the departmental list in the student's chosen area. Alternatively, students may devise an examination list of the same scope with its own principle of coherence (thematic, generic, or the like). Such individually designed lists must include a one-page proposal, explaining the choice of texts and rationale for bringing them together. All orals lists must be approved by an area committee head or other appropriate faculty member, as well as the Director of Graduate Studies. (Applications and specimen lists here.)
Importants dates: By May 1st of their second semester (or in the fall term for BA/MA students), students submit the MA Final Exercise application. Students then complete the exercise in either their third or, if they wish, fourth semester at the University, and submit a signed Final Examination Form to the English Department graduate secretary on completing the exercise successfully. Those opting for a critical or pedagogy thesis should deliver two copies to the Graduate Office; these are due two weeks before the final GSAS deadline. See the GSAS website for exact deadlines in a given semester; note the earlier deadlines for MA degree applications, officially required of all students. Those opting for a fall oral examination must submit an approved orals list to the graduate office by October 1 their last year (and by mid-January for spring exams).
Concentration in Teaching Literature and Writing
Designed to prepare students for teaching careers either in independent schools or at the post-secondary level, the MA with a Concentration in Teaching Literature and Writing unites the study of literature with the study of pedagogy, while providing training and experience in teaching. The concentration takes two years to complete. Students take courses in literature, theory, criticism, and pedagogy in the first year. In the second year they continue their studies of literature and pedagogy while serving as writing instructors or teaching assistants for literature courses. Also in the second year, students culminate their work in the program with a thesis, composed in the spring semester, focused on an aspect of literary or writing pedagogy.
In the second year of the program and in compensation for their service as teachers, students receive full tuition support, payment of university fees, one-person health insurance coverage, and wages.
Program Requirements: In addition to the typical requirements of the MA in English, students take at least one course in literary pedagogy (ENPG 5400 or an equivalent) and at least one course in writing pedagogy (ENPG 8800, taken during the first semester of their second year).
Typical Enrollment and Teaching Pattern:
Fall: ENCR 8100: Intro to Research Methods
3 additional graduate English courses
Spring: 1 Course in Literary Pedagogy
2 additional graduate English courses
Fall: ENPG 8800: Writing Pedagogy
1 additional Graduate English Course
Teaching assignment: 1 section of ENWR or 1 Literature Discussion Section
Spring: Thesis (ENGL 8998)
Optional additional Graduate English Course
Teaching assignment: 1 section of ENWR or 1 Literature Discussion Section
For further information, please contact the Director of Admissions, Andrew Stauffer.
Concentration in World Religions, World Literatures
In addition to taking ENCR 8100, students fulfill a distinctive set of course requirements focussed on the intersections of literature and religion. Students are expected to complete the three-credit course "Introduction to World Religions, World Literatures" and three semesters of the one-credit "Proseminar in World Religions, World Literatures”; a minimum of six credits in a single religious tradition; a minimum of six credits in the English Department in the literature of a single language community (either in one historical period or two consecutive historical periods) or in the literature of a single pair of language communities within one historical period; and a minimum of three credits that involve the reading of scriptural texts. A roster of eligible courses is approved by the faculty advisory committee for the concentration in World Religions, World Literatures, and additional courses may be approved by the student’s advisor. For more information, contact Professor Elizabeth Fowler (firstname.lastname@example.org).
A student may petition the departmental Graduate Committee for approval of a self-designed MA program, provided it is comparable in rigor and intellectual coherence to the regular MA curriculum. Before seeking such a program, however, students should be aware how much flexibility the standard program permits. For example, candidates may receive permission from the Director of Graduate Studies to include up to two courses from other departments as part of their degree program. Thus students can pursue interdisciplinary or comparative literature interests under our existing rules, even if no established interdisciplinary program meets their needs.